Weekly Forecast: Low Rainfall, High Temperatures across East Africa
By Gift Briton and Mary Hearty
Most parts of East Africa are expected to receive low rainfall and high temperatures in the next few days (6th to 12th April), according to the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) Climate Prediction & Applications Centre (ICPAC).
In southern Sudan, northern South Sudan, southern Uganda, Rwanda, central to northern Tanzania, and southern Somalia, are expected to experience light rainfall less than 30 mm.
Whereas northern Sudan, Eritrea, Djibouti, northern Somalia, most parts of Ethiopia, central to northern Uganda, and southern South Sudan are likely to experience dry weather conditions.
Also, ICPAC predicts that warmer than normal temperatures are expected in most parts of East Africa during these first weeks of April, with most regions experiencing moderate temperatures between 20 – 32 ℃.
Area likely to experience this include: much of central to northern Sudan, western parts of South Sudan, Uganda, much of Kenya, Somalia, Djibouti; western, south-eastern and north-eastern parts of Ethiopia, Eritrea, and much of Tanzania.
Whereas hot conditions with temperatures above 32 ℃ are expected over southern to eastern Sudan, and central to north-eastern South Sudan.
Cooler than normal temperatures less than 20℃ are expected in a few regions over central to northern Ethiopia, central to western Kenya, Burundi, western Rwanda, and few areas in south-western Tanzania.
In Kenya, the Kenya Meteorological Department (KMD) notes that despite sunny and dry conditions in most parts, occasional rainfall is likely to be experienced over few areas in the Highlands East of Rift Valley, the coastal region and highlands West of Rift Valley.
According to the government agency, Turkana, Samburu Marsabit, Mandera, Wajir, Garissa and Isiolo Counties are likely to be sunny during the day and partly cloudy at night
Other counties are expected to be partially sunny during the day and cloudy during the nights with a possibility of occasional afternoon and nights showers and thunderstorm occurring over few places.
These include: Kisii, Nyamira, TransNzoia, Uasin Gishu, Elgeyo Marakwet, Nandi, Kericho, Bomet, Kakamega, Vihiga, Bungoma, West-Pokot, Siaya, Kisumu, Homabay, Busia, Migori, Baringo, Nakuru, Narok and Laikipia Nyandarua, Nyeri, Kirinyaga, Murang’a, Kiambu, Meru, Embu, Tharaka-Nithi and Nairobi, Mombasa, Tana-River, Kilifi, Lamu and Kwale, Machakos, Kitui, Makueni, Kajiado and Taita-Taveta
This shows a likelihood of depressed amount of rainfall this week compared to the previous week (28 march to 3 April) where rainfall was recorded over several parts of the Highlands West of Rift Valley, the Lake Victoria basin, the Central and South Rift Valley, Southeastern Lowlands and the Highlands East of Rift Valley as well as North Eastern Kenya, with only most parts of North-Eastern and North-Western Kenya being generally dry.
A review by KMPD shows that there was an increase in rainfall amount in the South Eastern Lowlands and the Coast during the last week of march compared to the third week, and a decrease over North-Western and North-Eastern Kenya.