By Mary Hearty
Strong supportive voices for agricultural biotechnology are crucial for the effective deployment and utilisation of biotechnology for improved crop productivity in Africa. Further, more emphasis should be placed on farmer benefits and consumer preferences if biotechnology is to make impact.
Dr. Emmanuel Okogbenin, Director of Programme Development and Commercialisation at AATF stated during the 23rd virtual annual meeting of China Association of Science and Technology (CAST).
During the meeting which was anchored by the China Crop Science Society, he emphasized that good policies and governance are required to drive biotechnology uptake and seed system development to achieve Sustainable Development Goals and the Africa Union (AU) Agenda 2063 aspirations on the continent.
He added: “For Africa to maximise the benefits of investment and science for improved prosperity of farmers and stakeholders as well as for the continent’s economic growth and development, it is crucial to develop the seed systems for scaling technologies.”
Moreover, Dr. Okogbenin noted that biotechnology is no longer viewed as an option but as a necessity that should be deployed alongside conventional breeding methods to improve genetic gains for enhanced crop productivity and value chain transformation in Africa.
Additionally, he urged African governments and regional economic communities to strengthen and harmonise biotechnology policies and biosafety regulations to create an enabling environment for biotechnology development and deployment in Africa.
African biotechnology and biosafety regulators should avoid adoption of strict regulation regimes that will hinder application of new innovations in plant breeding, he said.
Dr. Okogbenin advised that the continent should watch against the temptation of overregulating products of New Plant Breeding Techniques (NPBTs) noting that NPBTs products need not be regulated as transgenics.
While citing the successful development and commercialisation of transgenic Pod Borer Resistant (PBR) Cowpea in Nigeria, Dr. Okogbenin told the meeting that the Bt cowpea, which was released in 2019 for commercial cultivation and officially launched in June 2021 in Nigeria, can improve yields by 70 – 400 per cent compared to the conventional varieties, with reduced use of pesticides by farmers from 10 sprays per cropping season to just two sprays. The cultivation of Bt cowpea is best optimised under integrated pest management (IPM) strategy.
He also highlighted the TELA Maize project as another success story in biotech applications for Africa where 128 climate-smart hybrids have been released to farmers. TELA is a public-private partnership that is working towards initiating commercialisation of transgenic drought-tolerant and insect-protected maize varieties to enhance food security in Sub-Saharan Africa. PBR Cowpea and TELA are biotech focused projects being implemented across Africa by AATF and its partners to increase cow pea and maize productivity, respectively.
The African Development Bank (AfDB) through the Technologies for African Agricultural Transformation (TAAT) have been promoting technology delivery in Africa through the Policy Enabling Compact activities led by AATF. In similar vein, the African Union Commission has recently established the African Seed and Biotechnology Partnership Platform (ASBPP) to support regional impact-oriented policies for the establishment of effective and efficient seed systems and enhanced application of biotechnologies for improved food and nutrition security in support of AU Agenda 2063.
On seed system development, Dr. Okogbenin called for the need to facilitate policy reforms to create functional and efficient seed systems even as Africa transition from informal to formal sector seed system.